Mawlid Ennabawi celebrations in Algeria: Traditions, rituals, festivities, dishes…..Photos


ALGIERS- After having celebrated Aid El fitre and Aid Al Adha, the Algerians like all the Muslims of the world welcome the festival of the mouloud. This joyful and auspicious occasion is the celebration of the anniversary of the birth of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that corresponds to the 12th day of the lunar month “Rabie El awal” .

To commemorate this day, each region of Algeria has its own traditions.

The mawlid annabawi or mouloud in Algerian dialect, which means the feast celebrating the birth of the Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) takes place on the twelfth day of the third month of the Hegira year. In Algeria, families gather for a large meal after Meghreb prayer, while the young people go out to have fun with fireworks and firecrackers.

This festival is experienced in Algeria with great enthusiasm.

Throughout its history, the ceremony of religious holidays in Algeria, certifies its attachment to its spiritual values ​​and also its concern to preserve its identity. Especially during the colonial period, as historians highligh. It was a way and a defense of the national identity, values ​​and religion of the Algerian people.

Mawlid Ennabawi celebrations in Algeria: Traditions, rituals, festivities, dishes…..

It is very pleasing that the Islamic Ummah celebrates the anniversary of the birth of its prophet Muhammad (PBUH). On the evening of Mouloud, families gather around a traditional Algerian meal. They light candles and display them throughout the house and on the windows.

After dinner, the streets come alive as the sun goes down. children take into the streets and play with firecrackers and fireworks. The cities are totally changed in this magical night. The housewives lit candles in the house, some families gather around a tea table, girls prefer to go on the terrace of the house to chat and sing songs for this event.
Some families proceed that evening to circumcise their children, dressed in traditional costumes with the ritual of the henna ceremony with scents and candles.

On the day of Mouloud, for breakfast, we traditionally take “tamina”, a pasty-textured dessert made from roasted semolina mixed with honey. It is usually prepared after childbirth as food for the mother and distributed to relatives to share the news.

Although there are common practices in the celebration of Mouloud in Algeria, some differ from region to region. This involves, among other things, the dishes prepared in these regions.

Each region has its own dish…….

In Algiers, it is the “rechta” that is served on Mouloud day, a dish of fine noodles drizzled with a white sauce and usually accompanied by chicken.

In eastern Algeria, “chakhchouka” is served. It is a dish made from crumbled semolina paste that is sprinkled with a red sauce and served with meat. There is also “la trida” made from thin, square pasta drizzled with white sauce and served with meat or chicken.

In western Algeria, “berkoukes” are served, a pasta dish shaped like large grains of couscous in a red sauce with meat.

The celebration of Mawlid Ennabaoui Echarif takes on a special character in Tlemcen because of traditions firmly rooted in the family unit. Mosques and zaouias drained a large number of faithful during this religious event. Young Quran learners recite the hadiths of the Prophet in a solemn atmosphere before the imams recall in their sermons the meaning and scope of the Mawlid for the entire Muslim community. In Béni Snous for example, this village 45 km from Tlemcen, perched at an altitude of 1000 m, the population commemorates this feast in pure tradition and in a spirit of piety and spiritual communion. The vigils in the mosques last until dawn, marked by the chants of the Koran.

From a culinary point of view, this is an opportunity for everyone to enjoy the hot “trid” served with couscous, “tammina” and dried figs. On the night of the Prophet’s birth, children dressed in traditional costumes crisscross the arteries of Béni Snous with religious songs, punctuated by ululations of women leaning behind half-open doors.

And finally in southern Algeria, Sahrawi people prefer couscous and camel meat.

However, two provinces in southern Algeria stand out in their way of celebrating Mouloud.

The particularity of the Mouloud festival in southern Algeria:

Mouloud is celebrated in a unique way in southern Algeria and more particularly in two provinces, namely; Adrar and Béchar.

In Touat – Gourara – Tidikelt, three regions of the wilaya of Adrar, we celebrate the “Sboû of Mawlid Ennabaoui” (which means the 7th day), a festival classified as an intangible world heritage of humanity by UNESCO.

In 2011, Folklore troupes give an exceptional character to these festivities through songs and dances typical of the region. It is a real spectacle for tourists. The inhabitants of the region, known for their hospitality, open the doors of their homes to visitors, tourists and all passers-by, offering them meals and accommodation.

In the region of Béni-Abèss, wilaya of Béchar, the “Fezaâ” is celebrated. It also receives a large number of tourists, mainly nationals. The inhabitants turn their houses into lodges for accommodation. Entertainment is provided by groups called “Shab el baroud” (baroud: which means gunpowder).

In addition to celebrations, Mouloud Ennabawi is also a moment of spirituality. The faithful join the mosques or the zaouïas (Muslim religious building made up of prayer rooms, for the recitation of the Koran, belonging to the Sufi brotherhoods. Its members are also called the Marabouts) to recite verses from the Holy Coran, perform prayers, and chant panegyric songs honoring the Prophet Mohamed (PBUH).

In a related context, several travel agencies organize stays or dinners on the occasion of the Mouloud celebration.

In Algiers, dinners are organized in houses at the Casbah, animated by Andalusian or chaabi music groups. We are immediately bathed in a pure traditional atmosphere.

Modern restaurants in Algiers have also joined in by offering menus of traditional dishes on the evening of Mouloud.

As for the trips, they are mainly organized in southern Algeria to attend the festivities mainly held in Adrar and Béchar provinces.

fr.blastingnews/ Le petit journal/


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