ALGIERS – The participants in the conference organized, Sunday in Algiers, on the occasion of the commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the massacres of October 17, 1961, underlined the political and legal responsibility of the French State in this massacre, considered as a crime against Humanity.
This conference which saw the presence of the Speaker of the People’s National Assembly (APN), Brahim Boughali, the Prime Minister, Minister of Finance Aïmene Benabderrahmane and advisers to the President of the Republic, in addition to members of the Government, was animated by the Advisor to the President of the Republic, in charge of National Memory, Abdelmadjid Chikhi, the former diplomat, Abdelkrim Ghrib and the writer Rachid Boudjedra.
In this regard, Mr. Chikhi approached this event from a legal point of view, affirming that these massacres are classified as”illegal act which must be criminalized”, considering that “it is the duty of the ‘French State, after the recognition of General De Gaulle in his famous declaration, dated to September 16, 1959, of the right of the Algerian people to self-determination, to deal with Algeria according to a new legal status which brings it out of the French colonial system and subjects it to international law which protects it and obliges the French state to respect it “.
For Mr. Chikhi, “the French state which colonized Algeria” with expansionist intentions and with a genocidal policy, gave Algeria no clear legal status during 130 years of colonialism “.
In turn, the mujahid Ali Haroun affirmed in a recorded message and broadcast on the occasion, that “thousands of Algerians came out in peaceful demonstrations on October 17, 1961, including defenseless women and children, before the intervention by the French police who arrested a large number of them and threw some into the Seine river, while others suffered all types of repression and torture “.
In the same context, the former diplomat Abdelkrim Ghrib recalled “the solid support granted to the Algerian Revolution by members of the Algerian community in France, who sacrificed themselves and proved their patriotism on several occasions”.
For his part, the writer Rachid Boudjedra affirmed that “the terror and the killing against the Algerians began a day before the demonstrations of October 17, especially since the French police proceeded, on October 16, to the arrest of 13,000 Algerians belonging to the National Liberation Front (FLN)”
The Minister of Foreign Affairs and the National Community Abroad, Ramtane Lamamra, on this occasion distinguished mujahideen who experienced the massacres of October 17, namely, Ali Haroun, Abdelkader Bekhouche, Mohamed Ghafir, Mohamed Boudaoud and Feria Guermia.