The Indian Republic Day is celebrated, annually, in India on 26th January, commemorating the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect, and the country became a Republic.
The celebrations symbolize the completion of the country’s transition toward becoming an Independent Republic as India snatched its independence from British Raj, on August 15, 1947, following the Indian Independence movement. However, it didn’t have a constitution of its own, basing, merely, on a modified version of the British established Government of India Act 1935.
Later on, a Drafting Committee with Dr B R Ambedkar as Chairman was appointed for drafting a permanent Indian Constitution. Its tasks culminated in the formulation of a Constitution whose first draft was presented to the national assembly on November 4, 1947, before being adopted on November 26, 1949. In this vein, the national assembly signed the final English and Hindi language versions of the constitution on January 24, 1950. It came into force on January 26, 1950 – a day chosen by Indians for themselves for its immense significance for the country. At that day in 1929, the well-known declaration of “Poorna Swaraj” or complete self-rule was made by the Indian National Congress. As such, Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the tricolour on the banks of the Ravi river.
With zeal, patriotism, enthusiasm and lots of fervour, the Indian Republic Day is celebrated nationwide. As part of the celebrations, spectacular and grand parades, by the regiments of the Indian Army, Navy, Air Force, police, and paramilitary forces, are held at Janpath, New Delhi, displaying military equipment and the national flag.
In addition, the national flag hoisting tradition takes place in various parts of the country as a common practice.
During the parades, fascinating tableaus, representing the beauty and richness of this country are also showcased, associated with numerous eye-catching shows and fly pasts by the Indian Forces which shower rose petals on the audience.
More officially, India’s president takes the military salute during the parade in New Delhi. Besides, a foreign head of state is the president’s chief guest on Republic Day.
Noting that the former President Abdelaziz Bouteflika visited India on 24-29 January 2001 as the Chief Guest at the Republic Day Celebrations of that year.
Besides, India’s prime minister lays a wreath of flowers at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, with a view to commemorating the sacrifices of the soldiers who sacrificed their lives for India.
Awards and medals of bravery are given to the people from the armed forces and also to civilians.
Locally, school children, also, participate in the parades by dancing and singing patriotic songs. A range of national and cultural programs focusing on the history and culture of India are organized, coinciding with the Lok Tarang – National Folk Dance Festival, which occurs annually from January 24-29.
However, this year, India is celebrating its 72nd Republic Day with a shortened programme at Rajpath in Delhi amid the Coronavirus pandemic.
All events have been reduced with a programme that kicked off at 9 am and wrapped up after the traditional fly past 11.25 am. amid strict precautionary measures. The parade, for its self, had, also, a shorter route, with no chief guest, fewer spectators and soldiers in the Army and Navy contingents, and no children under 15 out of fear of their contamination with Covid-19.
To this end, 17 tableaux from states and union territories, nine from different Union ministries and paramilitary forces and six of the defense ministry took part, showcasing India’s rich cultural heritage and economic progress.
As India observes its 72nd Republic Day today, the President of India, SHRI RAM NATH KOVIND, delivered a speech on the eve of this occasion. Besides, giant search-engine Google is marking the Republic Day with Indians with a creative doodle illustrated by Mumbai-based guest artist Onkar Fondekar, showcasing the diversity and richness of Indian cultures that bring this colorful nation to life.
Here is the integral text of the Indian President’s address:
Here are some pictures of the celebrations:
Happy Republic Day, India!
Pics : ndtv
President address: Embassy of India in Algeria