After having celebrated Aid El fitr and Aid Al Adha, the Algerians like all the Muslims of the world welcome the festival of the mouloud. This joyful occasion is the celebration of the anniversary of the birth of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that corresponds to the 12th day of the lunar month “Rabie El awal” .
To commemorate this day, each region of Algeria has its own traditions.
The mawlid annabawi or mouloud in Algerian dialect, which means the feast celebrating the birth of the Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) takes place on the twelfth day of the third month of the Hegira year. In Algeria, families gather for a large meal after Meghreb prayer, while the young people go out to have fun with fireworks and firecrackers.
This festival is experienced in Algeria with great enthusiasm.
Throughout its history, the ceremony of religious holidays in Algeria, certifies its attachment to its spiritual values and also its concern to preserve its identity. Especially during the colonial period, as historians highligh. It was a way and a defense of the national identity, values and religion of the Algerian people.
On the day of the celebration of the mouloud, the streets come alive as the sun goes down. Children have fun with firecrackers and fireworks. The cities are totally changed in this magical night. The housewives lit candles in the house, some families gather around a tea table, girls prefer to go on the terrace of the house to chat and sing songs for this event.
The next morning, the mothers serve makrudes and tamina with coffee.
It is very pleasing that the Islamic Ummah celebrates the anniversary of the birth of its prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The majority of Algerian families proceed during this festival to the circumcision of their children dressed in traditional costumes with the ritual of the henna ceremony with scents and candles.