‘Eid al-Fitr’ is one of the annual festivals celebrated by Muslims. This joyous day is intended to serve as a sign of gratitude by the Muslims on the accomplishment of Ramadan and as an immediate reward by Allah for those who spent the month of Ramadan in fasting and performing other forms of ritual worship, Muslimvillage reported.
The Night Preceding ‘Eid al-Fitr
It was the practice of the Prophet, upon him blessings and peace, that he would not sleep on the night preceding the day of ‘Eid al-Fitr. This night has been named in a hadith as the Night of Reward (Laylat al-Ja’izah). Allah Almighty bestows his rewards on those who have spent the month of Ramadan abiding by the dictates of the Shari’ah and all their prayers in this night are accepted. Therefore, it is desirable to perform nafl prayers on this night. The Prophet, upon him blessings and peace, is reported to have said:
Whoever stands up (in worship) on the nights preceding the two ‘Ids expecting rewards from his Lord, his heart will not die when the other hearts will die. (Ibn Majah)
To benefit from this opportunity, one should perform as much worship on this night as possible and pray for all one’s needs and desires.
Before Going to ‘Id Prayer
The following acts are performed at the beginning of the day of ‘Eid-ul-Fitr before proceeding to the ‘Eid prayer:
1. To wake up early in the morning.
2. To clean one’s teeth with a miswak or a brush.
3. To take a bath.
4. To put on one’s best available clothing.
5. To wear perfume.
6. To eat sweet food, preferably dates, before the ‘Id prayer.
7. To recite the following takbir in the low voice while going to the ‘Id prayer:
الله أكبر الله أكبر، لا إله إلا الله، و الله أكبر الله أكبر، و لله الحمد
Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar La Ilaha Illa Allah Wa Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Wa Lillahi al-Hamd
Sadaqat al-fitr is an obligation for every Muslim, male or female, who owns 613.35 grams of silver or its equivalent, either in the form of money, ornaments, stock-in-trade, or in the form of some goods or commodities beyond one’s normal needs. Every person who owns such an amount has to pay sadaqat al-fitr, not only on behalf of himself but also on behalf of his minor children. The prescribed amount of sadaqat al-fitr is 1.75 kgs of wheat or its value in money. This amount is prescribed for paying sadaqat al-fitr for one person only. If a person has children who are dependents, the same amount has to be paid on behalf of each one of them separately.
The ‘Eid Prayer’
The second obligatory act on ‘Eid day is to perform the ‘Eid prayer.
How to Perform the ‘Eid Prayer’
The ‘Id prayer consists of two raka‘ahs that are performed like any other prayer with the exception of the addition of six takbirs, three of them in the beginning of the first raka‘ah and three of them just before ruku‘ in the second raka‘ah.
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