DAR ES-SALAM- Algeria has consistently called on Africa’s partners to listen to Africans and to “integrate their initiatives into the continuity of African efforts” and not to “replace them,” said Friday Rachid Bladehane, Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
In his speech at the 18th Africa-Nordic Foreign Ministers Meeting on “promotin of peace and security in the face of local and global threats,” Bladehane said that Algeria “has consistently called on Africa’s partners to listen to Africans and to integrate their initiatives into the continuity of African efforts and not to replace them.”
“This complementary and integrated approach is likely to make crisis resolution processes more effective and efficient in that it makes it possible to unify objectives in the service of a single agenda, that of peace and development,” he said after expressing his satisfaction at the inclusion of peace and security in the work of this meeting.
Attempts to “exclude the African Union from the processes of seeking solutions to African problems constitute a breach of the principle of cooperation” enshrined in the United Nations Charter, and can only remove the prospects for crisis resolution, particularly because of ignorance of Africa’s own social, cultural and economic dynamics but also because of the biased reading of the real challenges and causes the resurgence of conflicts and crises in Africa, added Bladehane.
Recalling that the pre-eminence of negotiated political solutions and the virtues of dialogue are not to be illustrated, the Foreign Ministry Secretary General reiterated Algeria’s position calling “constantly for a political settlement based on inclusive dialogue and reconciliation, whether in Mali, Libya or the neighbouring countries whose security, unity and territorial integrity are a priority for Algeria’s external action.
Crises and conflicts continue to penalize the development efforts of some African States,” said Bladehane while highlighting Africa’s “significant” achievements in conflicts prevention.
“In addition, Africa has still not been able to overcome the security threats of terrorism and violent extremism, particularly in the Sahel region, transnational organized crime and trafficking in drugs, arms and people, as well as global challenges such as climate change and illegal migration flows,” he said.
According to the Secretary General of the Foreign Affairs Ministry, in addition to the lack of resources and capacity gaps, “this is also due, in part, to the proliferation of initiatives regarding Africa, without involving African States and organizations on the continent, mainly the African Union, as well as the various interferences that we unfortunately continue to observe in different African regions.”
In this respect, he said that the impact of insecurity and instability on the development of some African States “must be seen as a challenge” so that this complementary approach, taking into account security and development objectives, can be established.
“Action should also be focused on Africa’s efforts to entrench democratic practices, protect human rights and promote good governance to effectively support human and socio-economic development efforts in prosperous African societies in which all outsiders, especially youth and women, will enjoy their rights.”
Algeria has been at the origin of the establishment of efficient sub-regional mechanisms
Africa, which has been shaken, like other regions in the world, by many conflicts, continues to call for the promotion of peace and security. The various mechanisms set up by the African Union within the framework of its Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) are a perfect illustration of this.
Africa has also demonstrated its peace and security capabilities, particularly through the ambitious roadmap to “silence weapons by 2020” and the various military exercises to operationalize its Standby Force and Immediate Crisis Response Capacity (CARIC).
In addition to these beneficial actions, the African Union also claims its right in the management and resolution of conflicts in Africa within the framework of Chapter VIII of the United Nations Charter on cooperation with regional arrangements. Thus, it has always been at the forefront of crisis resolution processes and has always made a considerable contribution in this area.
At the same time, tireless efforts are also being made by African States and regional groupings, thereby increasing continental capacities for peace and security.
In this regard, Bladehane reported on Algeria’s efforts, which has been at the origin of the establishment of efficient sub-regional mechanisms, including the Joint Operational Staff Committee (CEMOC) and the Merger and Liaison Unit (UFL), which constitute important areas of cooperation and coordination in the region.
Algeria is also an active and committed participant in the Nouakchott Process, he said.
It has also participated in peace support operations in Africa by providing strategic transport for AMISOM troops from troop-contributing countries to Somalia.
Algeria also provides considerable support to the operationalization process of the African Standby Force (ASF) and the African Crisis Response Capability (CARIC) by ensuring the transport and supervision of operationalization exercises, added Bladehane.
Similarly, other sub-regional areas are also important assets that deserve to be highlighted, notably the mixed multinational force to combat the terrorist group Boko Haram (FMM) and the Djibouti process.
“These initiatives have reached very advanced levels of operational coordination and have demonstrated that the synergy of regional efforts can make a significant difference on the ground, as they have shown that the contribution of the international community in this area should target the consolidation of the capacities of African countries to enable them to effectively take ownership of the continent’s security, as part of an approach to African solutions to African problems,” said Bladehane.
“We remain convinced that the link between peace, security and development is complete and inextricable. There can be no development without security just as there can be no security without development,” he added.
It is in this spirit that I call on us to gather our efforts and act together to advance the international peace and security agenda in the service of sustainable and shared development,” concluded the Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.