More than 2,260 migrants died or went missing attempting to cross the Mediterranean in 2018, the deadliest seaway, according to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
On the arrivals side, 113,482 people crossed the sea to reach the shores of the Mediterranean countries in 2018, down sharply compared to the previous year (172,301).
These figures mark a drastic drop from the peak of 1.015 million arrivals in 2015, at the heart of the refugee crisis.
In proportion, the mortality has increased a little in 2018 compared to the previous year.
The year 2018 was marked by a diplomatic crisis between European countries around the reception of refugees, especially after the Italian government, with strong anti-migrant speech, closed the ports to humanitarian boats this summer.