Muslims across the world are set to mark the end of Ramadan with a new celebration.
Muslims around the world will celebrate Eid al-Fitr festival this weekend. Depending on the sighting of the moon, Eid will either start on Friday, June 15th or Saturday, June 16th.
What is Eid al-Fitr?
Eid al-Fitr means “festival of breaking the fast” and marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. On the morning of the first day, Muslims gather for prayer.
Eid is also infused with different traditions in different countries, including visits as most people use to pay visits to their relatives and friends. In addition to the Eidiyah, money given to kids on Eid and wearing new clothes.
When does Eid al-Fitr begin?
It begins with the first sighting of the new moon, so most of the time Muslims have to wait until the night before Eid to verify its date.
How do people celebrate?
Eid traditionally start with prayers followed by a short sermon. In some countries the prayers take place outside, while others are hosted in mosques or large halls.
Many people wear traditional clothes, give gifts or money to children, and donate to charity. In some countries, the holiday is known as Sweet Eid for its variety of sweets.
How do people dress for Eid?
People in Eid wear new clothes. Some would wear clothes from their culture, while others would pick out something new to wear.
What are the common Eid greetings?
The most popular greeting is Eid mubarak (Blessed Eid) or Eid sa’id (Happy Eid). Eid greeting also vary depending on the country and language. For instance, in Indonesia Eid is called Lebaran, so Indonesians would say, “Selamat Lebaran” which means Happy Eid. Other variations of Happy Eid are “Mutlu Bayramlar” in Turkish and “Barka da Sallah” in Hausa, a Nigerian language.
The name of the holiday is a literal translation:
“Eid al-Fitr” is a pretty literal translation of the event that’s being celebrated: “Festival of the Breaking of the Fast,” or “the Feast of Fast-Breaking.”
Ramadan and Eid Al Fitr are held on different Gregorian dates every year:
The Islamic calendar is based on lunar cycles, as opposed to the Gregorian calendar, which is based on the solar cycle. New months start and end with each new moon. The average new moon appears every 29.30 days, so the lunar months are a bit shorter compared to the Gregorian months, which usually last 30 or 31 days. Thus, every year, Ramadan is held about 10 days earlier than it was the previous year—at least, that is, in relation to the Gregorian calendar.
It’s also known as “The Lesser Eid”
Eid al-Fitr is one of two important Eid celebrations in the Muslim faith. The other is Eid Al Adha, the Feast of the Sacrifice or “Greater Eid.” Eid al-Adha celebrates the sacrifice Ibrahim (Abraham) was willing to make to Allah. Like Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha is held at a different time on the Gregorian calendar every year.
Photo from Reuters.