The UN Security Council discussed the means to improve the efficiency of its sanctions regime, which, according to United Nations senior official, should not be an end in itself, but tools to contribute to a global strategy , said a statement from the organization, APS reported.
In a meeting with the members of the Council, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Tayé-Brook Zerihoun, recalled that the sanctions are aimed at “preventing and resolving conflicts peacefully, preventing terrorism and reducing the proliferation of nuclear weapons “.
The Security Council also adopted sanctions to “prevent unconstitutional changes of governments, fight against the exploitation of natural resources that finance the activities of armed groups, and target human rights violations and International humanitarian law, particularly the use of sexual violence during the period of conflict as an act of terror “. Thirteen penalty systems are currently in force.
Tayé-Brook Zerihoun stressed that the Council’s sanctions are “flexible instruments that are subject to regular adjustments. Thus, by 2016, three regimes sanctions (Iran, Côte d’Ivoire and Liberia) have come to an end.
The Assistant Secretary-General noted that the efficiency of the Council’s sanctions requires broad support from Member States and the international community.
He acknowledged that because of their diversity and complexity, the implementation of United Nations of these santions represented a burden on Member States and other entities.
To alleviate this burden, the Security Council and these Sanctions Committees have heightened awareness among member states, in particular those of the regions affected by these sanctions.
Similarly, all lists of sanctions of the Security Council are now available in the six official languages of the Organization.
Tayé-Brook Zerihoun, however, believed that Member States could also benefit from greater support at the country level. “Sanctions are adopted in New York, but they are implemented at the borders of states, ports, airports, banks and other financial institutions,” he said.
N. Houda Chabane