Today in History: March 4th

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    1152         Frederick Barbarossa is chosen as emperor and unites the two factions, which emerged in Germany after the death of Henry V.
    1461         Henry VI is deposed and the Duke of York is proclaimed King Edward IV.
    1634         Samuel Cole opens the first tavern in Boston, Massachusetts.
    1766         The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act, the cause of bitter and violent opposition in the colonies
    1789         The first Congress of the United States meets in New York and declares that the Constitution is in effect.
    1791         Vermont is admitted as the 14th state. It is the first addition to the original 13 colonies.
    1793         George Washington is inaugurated as President for the second time.
    1797         Vice-President John Adams, elected President on December 7, to replace George Washington, is sworn in.
    1801         Thomas Jefferson becomes the first President to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.
    1813         The Russians fighting against Napoleon reach Berlin. The French garrison evacuates the city without a fight.
    1861         The Confederate States of America adopt the "Stars and Bars" flag.
    1877         The Russian Imperial Ballet stages the first performance of "Swan Lake" in Moscow.
    1901         William McKinley is inaugurated president for the second time. Theodore Roosevelt is inaugurated as vice president.
    1904         Russian troops begin to retreat toward the Manchurian border as 100,000 Japanese advance in Korea.
    1908         The New York board of education bans the act of whipping students in school.
    1912         The French council of war unanimously votes a mandatory three-year military service.
    1914         Doctor Fillatre of Paris, France successfully separates Siamese twins.
    1921         Warren G. Harding is sworn in as America’s 29th President.
    1933         Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated to his first term as president in Washington, D.C.
    1944         Berlin is bombed by the American forces for the first time.
    1952         North Korea accuses the United nations of using germ warfare.
    1963         Six people get the death sentence in Paris plotting to kill President Charles de Gaulle.
    1970         Fifty-seven people are killed as the French submarine Eurydice sinks in the Mediterranean Sea.
    1975         Queen Elizabeth II knights Charlie Chaplin.
    1987         President Reagan takes full responsibility for the Iran-Contra affair in a national address.

    Born on March 4
    1394         Prince Henry the Navigator, sponsor of Portuguese voyages of discovery
    1678         Antonio Vivaldi, Italian composer and violinist.
    1747         Casimir Pulaski, American Revolutionary War general.
    1852         Lady (Isabella Augusta) Gregory, Irish playwright, helped found the Abbey Theatre.
    1888         Knute Rockne, football player and coach for Notre Dame.
    1901         Charles Goren, world expert on the game of bridge.
    1904         Ding Ling, Chinese writer and women’s rights activist.
    1928         Alan Sillitoe, novelist (Saturday Night and Sunday Morning, The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner).
    1932         Miriam Makeba, South African singer.

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