Today in history: Feb, 20

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    1513         Pope Julius II dies. He will lay in rest in a huge tomb sculptured by Michelangelo.
    1725         New Hampshire militiamen partake in the first recorded scalping of Indians by whites in North America.
    1792         The U.S. Postal Service is created.
    1809         The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the power of the federal government is greater than any individual state in the Union.
    1831         Polish revolutionaries defeat the Russians in the Battle of Grochow.
    1864         Confederate troops defeat a Union army sent to bring Florida into the union at the Battle of Olustee, Fla.
    1900         J.F. Pickering patents his airship.
    1906         Russian troops seize large portions of Mongolia.
    1915         President Woodrow Wilson opens the Panama-Pacific Expo in San Francisco to celebrate the opening of the Panama Canal.
    1918         The Soviet Red Army seizes Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine.
    1938         Hitler demands self-determination for Germans in Austria and Czechoslovakia.
    1941         The United States sends war planes to the Pacific.
    1942         Lt. Edward O’Hare downs five out of nine Japanese bombers that are attacking the carrier Lexington.
    1943         German troops of the Afrika Korps break through the Kasserine Pass, defeating U.S. forces.
    1954         The Ford Foundation gives a $25 million grant to the Fund for Advancement of Education.
    1959         The FCC applies the equal time rule to TV newscasts of political candidates.
    1962         Mercury astronaut John Glenn becomes the first American to orbit the Earth.
    1963         Moscow offers to allow on-site inspection of nuclear testing.
    1965         Ranger 8 hits the moon and sends back 7,000 photos to the United States.
    1968         North Vietnamese army chief in Hue orders all looters to be shot on sight.
    1971         Young people protest having to cut their long hair in Athens, Greece.
    1982         Carnegie Hall in New York begins $20 million in renovations.

    Born on February 20
    1726         William Prescott, U.S. Revolutionary War hero at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
    1808         Honore Daumier, French caricaturist.
    1844         Ludwig Boltzmann, atomic physics engineer
    1888         Marie Rambert, ballet dancer and director.
    1894         Curt Richter, biologist.
    1898         Jimmy Yancey, American blues pianist.
    1901         Rene Dubos, microbiologist, developed the first commercial antibiotic.
    1901         Louis I. Kahn, architect.
    1902         Ansel Adams, American landscape photographer, especially of western wilderness and mountain panoramas.
    1904         Aleksey Nikolayevich Kosygin, Premier of the Soviet Union (1964-1980).
    1924         Gloria Vanderbilt, fashion designer
    1925         Robert Altman, film director (Nashville, The Player).
    1927         Sidney Poitier, American actor, first African American male to win an Oscar (Lillies of the Field).

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