Today in history: Feb, 18


    1478         George, the Duke of Clarence, who had opposed his brother Edward IV, is murdered in the Tower of London.
    1688         Quakers in Germantown, Pa. adopt the first formal antislavery resolution in America.
    1813         Czar Alexander enters Warsaw at the head of his Army.
    1861         Victor Emmanuel II becomes the first King of Italy.
    1861         Jefferson F. Davis is inaugurated as the Confederacy’s provisional president at a ceremony held in Montgomery, Ala.
    1865         Union troops force the Confederates to abandon Fort Anderson, N.C.
    1878         The bitter and bloody Lincoln County War begins with the murder of Billy the Kid’s mentor, Englishman rancher John Tunstall.
    1885         The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, is published in New York.
    1907         600,000 tons of grain are sent to Russia to relieve the famine there.
    1920         Vuillemin and Chalus complete their first flight over the Sahara Desert.
    1932         Manchurian independence is formally declared.
    1935         Rome reports sending troops to Italian Somalia.
    1939         The Golden Gate Exposition opens in San Francisco.
    1943         German General Erwin Rommel takes three towns in Tunisia, North Africa.
    1944         The U.S. Army and Marines invade Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific.
    1945         U.S. Marines storm ashore at Iwo Jima.
    1954         East and West Berlin drop thousands of propaganda leaflets on each other after the end of a month long truce.
    1962         Robert F. Kennedy says that U.S. troops will stay in Vietnam until Communism is defeated.
    1964         The United States cuts military aid to five nations in reprisal for having trade relations with Cuba.
    1967         The National Art Gallery in Washington agrees to buy a Da Vinci for a record $5 million.
    1968         Three U.S. pilots that were held by the Vietnamese arrive in Washington.
    1972         The California Supreme Court voids the death penalty.
    1974         Randolph Hearst is to give $2 million in free food for the poor in order to open talks for his daughter Patty.
    1982         Mexico devalues the peso by 30 percent to fight an economic slide.

    Born on February 18
    1516         Queen Mary I, also known as Bloody Mary for her persecution of Protestants.
    1795         George Peabody, U.S. merchant and philanthropist.
    1848         Louis Comfort Tiffany, glassware artist and designer.
    1859         Shalom Aleichem, Yiddish author.
    1862         Charles M. Schwab, "Boy Wonder" of the steel industry. President of both U.S. Steel and Bethlehem Steel.
    1892         Wendell Wilkie, Presidential candidate against President Franklin Roosevelt.
    1909         Wallace Stegner, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist (Angle of Repose).
    1922         Helen Gurley Brown, editor of Cosmopolitan magazine.
    1929         Len Deighton, English spy writer (The Ipcress File).
    1931         Toni Morrison, Nobel laureate and Pulitzer Prize-winning author (The Bluest Eye, Beloved).
    1934         Audre Lord, poet.


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